Skip to main content

The rise of nationalistic political leaders has spanned the globe—from Donald Trump and Marine Le Pen in the West, to Recep Tayyip Erdoğan in the Middle East, to Narendra Modi and Rodrigo Duterte in the East. To varying degrees, each of these leaders espouse an “our country first” mentality, skepticism or outright hostility toward multilateral institutions and global trade, and leadership styles that emphasize ethnic or group identification, distrust of immigrants, and increased assertiveness sometimes bordering on bluster and aggression. How do we measure this phenomenon called globalization? What are some underlying causes of the backlash against globalization? Is national progress incompatible with global progress? Has globalization stopped or slowed in recent years? Is nationalism—or a “my country first” approach—compatible with economic growth? What leadership qualities are needed for a 21st-century civilization? Are leadership styles that emphasize strength of personality, ethnic or group identification, and increased assertiveness compatible with human progress and civilization? In the most general sense, does human evolution suggest a dominant role for competition—or cooperation?

Photo: iStock/Ingram Publishing

download full article (pdf)
Farok Contractor

Farok Contractor

Rutgers Business School

Farok Contractor is Distinguished Professor of Management and Global Business at Rutgers Business School, a Fellow of the Academy of International Business (AIB), and author of ten books and over 150 scholarly articles. He holds a Ph.D. (Managerial Science and Applied...

Learn More > Visit Author’s Page at university site >

Related articles


International Business


Market Entry in India: The Curious Case of Starbucks

by Dominik Fischer, Kaushik Roy

We examine Starbucks’ entry strategy in India, as well as the antecedents to the entry. Employing Dunning's eclectic paradigm and Ghemawat's AAA framework...

read more
Starbucks logo on a storefront window

International Business



Trump Administration Labels China a “Currency Manipulator”: What’s behind the accusation, and who’s right?

by Farok Contractor

Is China a currency manipulator? This article explains the meaning and implications of the term “currency manipulator” and reviews the history of the RMB/USD...

read more
A statue of a lion in China
Book icon

Print Edition

Learn More
Rutgers University

About Rutgers Business Review

About Us